Wesley Johnston's St. Blazey Families Introduction Page
Wordle of St. Blazey Surnames
Wordle Chart: Size of Surname indicates relative frequency
Connections of St. Blazey Surnames
St. Blazey Family Connections (see text below for details)

I am gradually working my way through the 1813-1835 (plus or minus a few years) parish registers of St. Blazey, Cornwall. This is very much a work in progress, which will move forward in fits and spurts as I have the time and energy to do anything. There is no timeline for when it will be done nor even when the next version of the download of the tree from Ancestry will be.

No claim is made that connections are proven; uncertain connections are noted as such. So use as a guide not as gospel.

Master Version on Ancestry.com
The master version of this work resides in an Ancestry.com tree. If you have an Ancestry account, you can see that tree by clicking here to see the Home Person, my ancestor Henry Butson. The Ancestry tree contains images of all the parish registers from which I am entering the information.

Copy of the Database/Tree
For those without Ancestry accounts, I have created a robust genealogical web page that has a copy of the database, made on a specific date. While this is not as current as the database on Ancestry, it does contain the vast majority of what is in the Ancestry database.
I have also created two PDF files, one of which provides a report that cannot be seen on Ancestry. (These reports are from an older version of the database that had 3,801 individuals.)

Status of the Database
As of 22 May 2014, the database contains exactly 4,257 people in 1.025 families and includes:

View the Database and Reports

Spellings
If you think I have a mis-spelling, please let me know. Some of the handwritten entries are extremely hard to read.
People
The name spellings are mostly as in the records. However, when the records have conflicting spellings (e.g. Prior and Pryor), I have chosen one that seems like the most likely one to have persisted over time and made notations on the events in the Ancestry tree (which unfortunately do not show up in the web page). I have NOT equated women named Jane with apparent matches to women named Jenifer/Jenepher (e.g. husband with same name, born about the same time) unless I have sufficient evidence to do so, which so far is lacking in most cases -- similarly for Betsy and Eliza and Elizabeth, although these cases have tended to be more resolvable.
Places
I have standardized the locations within St. Blazey. For example, "Church Town" and "Town" and simply "St. Blazey" are all in the database as "Town, St. Blazey, Cornwall, UK". However, since the hamlet of Charles Town was close by, I am leaving all references to "Ch. Town" that way, since I cannot tell whether that meant "Church Town" or "Charles Town". [Entries prior to 1821 were all converted to "Town", so that once I complete all the baptisms, I am going to go back through the entries up to 1821 to make sure that all "Ch. Town" entries are thus recorded in the database.]
Biscovey, Bedelva and Turnevisick are the standard spelling that I use for the various spellings of those places. The maps of the time used Boscovey, Bodelva Trenovisick, but the map makers' names do not seem to have been what the local people called the places and are not what was used in the records of that time.
Tregrehan is a problem. Tregrehan Lodge seems to have been definitely within St. Blazey parish. I am not sure about Tregrehan Coombe, which I have placed in St. Blazey. But Tregrehan Mills appears in the 1841 census in St. Blazey parish and in 1851 in St. Austell parish. So in those census references, I have used the parish of the census.

Descendants, Ancestors, Other Records
While it is very tempting to show the descendants of these families, I have limited that aspect to those cases where the families later inter-married. I have included some prior records from other parishes, other Ancestry family trees that seemed to be reliable, and records (e.g. English censuses) found on Ancestry. But for the most part, what is there is simply a reflection of the St. Blazey parish registers of the period 1813 to about 1835.

Patterns

A count of the baptisms by year (1829 is not a complete year: the last baptism is 7 Dec 1829) shows a low in 1814 and a general rise. The noticable burst in 1823 appears to have been from inflow of families from elsewhere and not a spurt in the birth rate, since there were suddenly many new families and surnames that year.
1813 - 25: ----+----+----+----+----+
1814 - 14: ----+----+----
1815 - 32: ----+----+----+----+----+----+--
1816 - 23: ----+----+----+----+---
1817 - 32: ----+----+----+----+----+----+--
1818 - 37: ----+----+----+----+----+----+----+--
1819 - 35: ----+----+----+----+----+----+----+
1820 - 40: ----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+
1821 - 35: ----+----+----+----+----+----+----+
1822 - 45: ----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+
1823 - 66: ----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+-
1824 - 80: ----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+
1825 - 55: ----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+
1826 - 62: ----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+--
1827 - 74: ----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----
1828 - 78: ----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+---
1829 - 67: ----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+--


The baptismal records give a more precise date at which the population suddenly grew, when compared to the following census data.
1801 - 467
1811 - 442
1821 - 938
1831 - 2155
1841 - 3234
1851 - 3570
1861 - 4175


The Cornish Diaspora seems to have been fractal in nature: the finer that you look at the groupings, the more that you see the pattern repeating itself.

  • What was true for the whole of Cornwall was clearly true within St. Blazey: many of those baptized at St. Blazey from 1813-1829 died in Canada, the United States, and Australia.
  • And when the level of magnification increases from the town to the family level, brothers and sisters within the same family died far apart in all those far-flung places, as well as in Cornwall and elsewhere in the UK.
  • In some cases, it even goes down to the personal level: for example, Henry Butson was born in St. Blazey, married twice in Canada, and died in the United States.

Earliest Overseas Emigrants

Here are the earliest overseas emigrants for each destination (who I have found thus far - if you know of any earlier, please let me know), arranged chronologically.

  • 1833 Jul 1 - U. S. A. - The families (minus the husbands, who may have arrived earlier or may have died) of Loveday (BORLASE) BENNETTS and Jennie/Jane Dusto (YEOMAN) HITCHINS arrived together at New York aboard the "Silas Richards" from Liverpool. The BENNETTS were in Jackson, Michigan by 1860, but I have not found them before that. I have not found the HITCHINS in the US yet, but her sister Mary Ann (YEOMAN) and husband Joseph KINSMAN were in Mineral Point, Wisconsin by 1850.

  • about 1834 - Canada - The family of Richard and Mary (PASCOE) LUKE arrived sometime between 16 Mar 1834 St. Blazey baptism of son Samuel and the 21 Apr 1836 Whitby Township birth of son John. His brother Joseph and Jane (YEOMAN - relationship to the above Jennie Dusto YEOMAN not yet known) LUKE may have arrived at the same time, since their son Joseph was baptized at St. Blazey 19 Aug 1832 and their next known child William was born about 1837 in Whitby Township. The family of James and Jenifer/Jane (Tucker) Phillips came at about the same time. (The Pedlar papers estimate 1833, but their son John married at St. Blazey in March 1834, so that they probably came in 1834.)

  • Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and elsewhere -- still working on these

  • St. Blazey Family Connections Chart

    The chart of family connections through marriages is very much a work in progress. There is no software that I know of that can generate such a chart. And the more connections there are, the more difficult it becomes to represent them in a 2-dimensional chart. So the work is very slow and tedious. Because the complexity increases exponentially with each new family connection, the chart is not complete, even for the families in the current version of the project database. So there are definitely more connections that are not yet shown on the chart.

    Here are things to keep in mind about the chart and how it was created.

    • The names were standardized prior to creating the data for the chart. For example, Hoar and Hore were consolidated as Hore.
    • The Dusto-Yeoman and Nicholls-Reed connections are not connected to each other nor to any of the other families, based on the data thus far included in the chart.
    • The connections between families with a single line are single marriages. Those with a double line are two or more marriages.
    • The three surnames in red are connected. The Keam-Phillips multiple connection is shown, and both have a single marriage connection to Williams.
    • The two surnames in boxes are connected by a single marriage: Keam-Stephens.
    • The two surnames with an asterisk after them are connected by a single marriage: Jenkins-Williams.
    • The two surnames with a plus (+) after them are connected by a single marriage: Martin-Williams.
    • If there is no line between them, adjacent surnames have no connection.
    • Slanting lines are marriage connections. Thus Bennett-Jenkins and the multiple Beall-Lane, for example.

    Links to My Related Web Pages

    Links to Cornwall Family History Web Pages


    Last updated August 17, 2014 - Add James Phillips family to earliest Canadian immigrants
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    Contact Information

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    Wesley Johnston
    1865 Herndon Avenue, Suite K-187
    Clovis, CA 93611-6163
    (559) 299-3406